Western Red Cedar

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Western Red Cedar

from 18.00

10 for $18 or 25 for $30

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Description

The Thuja plicata is evergreen conifer can grow to over 200 feet, with a massive (three to ten feet in diameter), tapering trunk that flares at the base to form buttresses. Bark is thin, shaggy, reddish, and easily peels off into long strips. Needles are flat, overlapping like scales, and are shiny bright-green above, and paler on the underside with white markings. The needles form flattened sprays on drooping branches that turn up at the tips. Cones are clustered near the ends of branches, and are bluish-green when young, becoming brown, half-inch, tulip-shaped cones with woody scales.

Habitat

Prefers moist to swampy soils.  Full sun to full shade, though seedlings require some shade.  Tolerates seasonal flooding and perennially-saturated soils.

Beneficial Uses

Seeds are eaten by birds.  Deer and elk browse seedlings.  Host to butterfly caterpillars. The wood is used for shingles, shakes & exterior finishing on buildings.  Also used for utility poles, fence posts, piling, paper pulp, and various types of containers.  Cedar leaf oil is used in the production of perfumes, insecticides, medicinal preparations, veterinary soaps, shoe polishes, and deodorants.  Bark, branches and needles are traditionally used for decorations and/or basket making by native cultures.